Indonesia is a huge country that consists of more than 17,000 islands of largely volcanic nature with a diverse traditions, culture and ethnic groups. The country is blessed with a beautiful landscape of mountains, rain forests, lush rice terraces, bright beaches and an extensive wildlife, making it an interesting destination for outdoor and nature lovers.
Welcome to Indonesia
Indonesia Travel Guide
Weather in Indonesia can be split into two seasons – wet and dry – with warm tropical temperatures averaging 28°C during the day, throughout the year. In most regions, the dry season spans from May to September, with the rains falling between October and April.
Indonesia offers very good value for money with extremely inexpensive local food and reasonably-priced accommodation.
Currency: Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)
- Taxi: USD 0.34 per kilometre
- One way ticket local transport : USD 0.30
- Visa on arrival (for up to 30 days): USD 35
- Hiking and coffee plantation Tour Bali: around USD 48
- Entrance fee to Prambanan (adult): USD 19
Top 5 local food/specialities:
Indonesian traditional meals usually consist of nasi (steamed rice) as staple, surrounded by sayur-mayur (vegetables and soup) and lauk-pauk (meat or fish side dishes).
The cuisine is not only influenced by other Asian countries but also by the Muslim, Indian and the Middle East cuisine.
- Mie Ayam (Noodles served in chicken broth soup tossed with sweet seasoned chicken, scallion, kai choy, and dumplings)
- Sate (Skewered grilled meat served with peanut sauce)
- Martabak (Fried crispy pancake stuffed with minced beef)
- Pecel (Mixed vegetables with peanut sauce)
- Rendang (Spicy marinated steak)
There are two preferred options to travel within the country: by plane or by boat.
In addition to the state operated airline, Garuda, there are several domestic low cost airlines such as Lion Air, Sriwijaya Air, Merpati, Batavia Air as well as Air Asia Indonesia and Jetstar Asia connecting the more remote locations.
Another way of inter-island travel is to take the ferries, run by the largest state run company, Pelni.
Within the cities, the best way is to get around is with bemos (minibuses). Rickshaws include the motorized bajaj, which seats two passengers, with the driver in front; and the becak, which is pedal-powered by a rider sitting behind two passengers.
Jakarta is the only city with an established conventional bus service of any size, and it has a comprehensive network.
Top things to do and see:
See a traditional puppet show The called Wayang shows are an important part of Indonesia’s tradition. Shows are mostly played in Java and performances can sometimes last all night.
Visit the Prambanan Temple The largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia is also UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temple compound is located around 17 kilometers northeast of Yogyakarta.
See the Komodo Dragon The biggest lizard in the world can be found in the islands of Komodo, Rinca, Gili Motang and Padar. But don’t get too close – humans have been injured and worse by dragons in the past.
Explore the lush beauty of Bali. The popular island has more to offer than just being a hub for backpackers. Discover the coffee plantations, jungle-covered volcanoes, sandy beaches, temples and surf spots.
Relax on Gili Islands Just off the northwestern tip of Lombok, these three irresistible islands boast deep-water coral reefs, beachfront bungalows, miles of white sand and bucketfuls of serenity.
See Mount Bromo Rent a jeep and go all the way up to Mount Bromo (East Java), the most iconic mountain and volcano in Indonesia. For the more active people, hike up instead (best to do during sunrise).
Climb a volcano Mount Bromo on Java is the most visited of Indonesia’s volcanoes, but other popular volcano experiences include the Kawah Ijen crater lake, boat trips to Krakatoa, and hikes on Gunung Agung in Bali.
Take a boat tour on the Mahakam river Tours start from the port city of Samarinda and follow the river deep into the jungle, where tribal communities live in villages of traditional longhouses and have largely preserved their traditions.
Explore Jakarta The capital of the country has plenty of tourist attractions and points of interests to see, like the Istiqlal Mosque (one of the biggest in the world).
Go snorkeling and scuba diving Best places are the Bunaken National Park and the Lembeh Strait (both are situated in the North Sulawesi province). Around 15% of the total world’s coral reef is said to be along the Indonesian coast. The best marine life and divers paradise can be found around the Raja Ampat Islands (Northwest tip of Papua).